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Mattingly: Revival of architecture happening in the South

Architect Michael Tamara’s original goal was to study new Catholic churches built using classic designs and symbolism, as opposed to all of those modernist sanctuaries offering what some critics call the “Our Lady of Pizza Hut” style.

The first church that caught his eye, 15 years ago, was the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Hanceville, Alabama, an ornate sanctuary rich in majestic marble and gold details that was becoming familiar to viewers of Eternal Word Television Network. This church, he thought, was built decades after the Second Vatican Council.

Tamara began gathering materials about other new churches in neo-Gothic, Romanesque or other classic styles. Eventually he spotted a surprising pattern.

“Something is going on,” said Tamara, who works at the American Institute of Architects in Washington, D.C. “The obvious question is this: Why is this happening in the South? Why not in the heavily Catholic Northeast, which is where I am from?”

While it’s true that many Catholics are moving to the South for economic reasons, Tamara is convinced that other cultural factors are at play, including the fact that priests and parishes in the old Protestant South are often more evangelistic than those in declining Frost Belt cities.

To be blunt, Catholics in the North are being forced to close many old churches, while Sunbelt Catholics are building new ones. Catholic leaders have noticed.

Thus, noted Tamara, “Rome has been sending more traditionally minded bishops down South because, frankly, they’re a better fit for the culture there. These bishops – naturally – tend to attract priests who take a more conservative approach to the faith. You put both of those factors together and this more traditional architecture is going to follow. ...

Writing in Crisis, a conservative Catholic journal, Tamara conceded it’s far too early to see this turn toward traditional sacred architecture as a national trend. However, it’s getting hard to ignore what is happening, especially in growing sectors of the American church.

“It is true that a certain indiscriminate preference for the contemporary remains firmly ensconced in the average American parish,” he wrote. “Yet, there has also quietly developed a parallel phenomenon: a deliberate and measured return to tradition, born of a deep desire to reestablish continuity and stability in Catholic life. ...

Many modern Southern Protestants have stopped building old-fashioned churches, while some of the Catholics flocking into the region have started building ultra-traditional sanctuaries.

“The further South you get, the further you are from the whole New York City and West Coast world that leans toward progressive and secular approaches to just about everything, including faith and education and art,” Tamara said. “Down South, you have growing urban areas, but you can still find a kind of rural, small-community, traditional, mom-and-pop atmosphere that is friendly to faith and family.

“People still call it the Bible belt for a reason, and lots of people down South still like churches that look like churches.”

• Terry Mattingly is the director of the Washington Journalism Center at the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities and leads the project to study religion and the news.

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